Skip to main content

Python Library

The MonetDB MAPI and SQL client python API

Introduction

This is the new native python client API. This API is cross-platform, and doesn't depend on any monetdb libraries. It has support for python 2.5, 2.6 and 3.0 and is Python DBAPI 2.0 compatible.

Changes

A number of things are different compared to the old version that uses the mapi library:

  • No dependecies on MonetDB libraries anymore
  • MAPI protocol is now implemented in pure python
  • Added unit tests for the SQL API
  • The MAPI module is now named monetdb.mapi
  • The SQL module is now named monetdb.sql
  • Small changes in argument names for functions
  • Type conversion is working (for example a monetdb int becomes a python int)
  • Dropped support for the dictionary based cursor

Installation

To install the MonetDB python API run the following command from the python source directory:

# python setup.py install

That's all, now you are ready to start using the API.

Documentation

The python code is well documented, so if you need to find documentation you should have a look at the source code. Below is an interactive example on how to use the monetdb SQL API which should get you started quite fast.

Examples

There are some examples in the 'examples' folder, but here are is a line by line example of the SQL API:

> # import the SQL module
> import monetdb.sql
>
> # set up a connection. arguments below are the defaults
> connection = monetdb.sql.connect(username="monetdb", password="monetdb", hostname="localhost", database="demo")
>
> # create a cursor
> cursor = connection.cursor()
>
> # increase the rows fetched to increase performance (optional)
> cursor.arraysize = 100
>
> # execute a query (return the number of rows to fetch)
> cursor.execute('SELECT * FROM tables')
26
>
> # fetch only one row
> cursor.fetchone()
[1062, 'schemas', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0]
>
> # fetch the remaining rows
> cursor.fetchall()
[[1067, 'types', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0],
 [1076, 'functions', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0],
 [1085, 'args', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0],
 [1093, 'sequences', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0],
 [1103, 'dependencies', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0],
 [1107, 'connections', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0],
 [1116, '_tables', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0],
 ...
 [4141, 'user_role', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0],
 [4144, 'auths', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0],
 [4148, 'privileges', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0]]
>
> # Show the table meta data
> cursor.description
[('id', 'int', 4, 4, None, None, None),
 ('name', 'varchar', 12, 12, None, None, None),
 ('schema_id', 'int', 4, 4, None, None, None),
 ('query', 'varchar', 168, 168, None, None, None),
 ('type', 'smallint', 1, 1, None, None, None),
 ('system', 'boolean', 5, 5, None, None, None),
 ('commit_action', 'smallint', 1, 1, None, None, None),
 ('temporary', 'tinyint', 1, 1, None, None, None)]

If you would like to communicate with the database at a lower level you can use the MAPI library:

> from monetdb import mapi
> server = mapi.Server()
> server.connect(hostname="localhost", port=50000, username="monetdb", password="monetdb", database="demo", language="sql")
> server.cmd("sSELECT * FROM tables;")
...