Skip to main content

Python Library

The MonetDB MAPI and SQL client python API

Introduction

This is the native python client API. This API is cross-platform, and doesn't depend on any monetdb libraries. It has support for python 2.7 and 3.3+ and is Python DBAPI 2.0 compatible.

Installation

To install the MonetDB python API run the following command:

# pip install pymonetdb

That's all, now you are ready to start using the API. We recommend that you use virtual environments to avoid polluting your global python installation.

Documentation

The python code is well documented, so if you need to find documentation you should have a look at the source code. Below is an interactive example on how to use the monetdb SQL API which should get you started quite fast.

Examples

There are some examples in the 'examples' folder, but here are is a line by line example of the SQL API:

> # import the SQL module
> import pymonetdb
>
> # set up a connection. arguments below are the defaults
> connection = pymonetdb.connect(username="monetdb", password="monetdb", hostname="localhost", database="demo")
>
> # create a cursor
> cursor = connection.cursor()
>
> # increase the rows fetched to increase performance (optional)
> cursor.arraysize = 100
>
> # execute a query (return the number of rows to fetch)
> cursor.execute('SELECT * FROM tables')
26
>
> # fetch only one row
> cursor.fetchone()
(1062, 'schemas', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0)
>
> # fetch the remaining rows
> cursor.fetchall()
[(1067, 'types', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0),
 (1076, 'functions', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0),
 (1085, 'args', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0),
 (1093, 'sequences', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0),
 (1103, 'dependencies', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0),
 (1107, 'connections', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0),
 (1116, '_tables', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0),
 ...
 (4141, 'user_role', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0),
 (4144, 'auths', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0),
 (4148, 'privileges', 1061, None, 0, True, 0, 0)]
>
> # Show the table meta data
> cursor.description
[('id', 'int', 4, 4, None, None, None),
 ('name', 'varchar', 12, 12, None, None, None),
 ('schema_id', 'int', 4, 4, None, None, None),
 ('query', 'varchar', 168, 168, None, None, None),
 ('type', 'smallint', 1, 1, None, None, None),
 ('system', 'boolean', 5, 5, None, None, None),
 ('commit_action', 'smallint', 1, 1, None, None, None),
 ('temporary', 'tinyint', 1, 1, None, None, None)]

If you would like to communicate with the database at a lower level you can use the MAPI library:

> from pymonetdb import mapi
> mapi_connection = mapi.Connection()
> mapi_connection.connect(hostname="localhost", port=50000, username="monetdb", password="monetdb", database="demo", language="sql", unix_socket=None, connect_timeout=-1)
> mapi_connection.cmd("sSELECT * FROM tables;")
...