SQL is the prime language of interaction with MonetDB. However, it is continuously being extended with small and major code fragments that extend the functionality described in the SQL 2003 standard.
The geospatial component wraps the well-known geos library to support GIS applications.
Complex Event Processing (CEP) is being supported by the DataCell component.
A preliminary approach to address the needs of NoSQL applications is encapsulated in Jaqueline.